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Journal Article

Citation

Larsen ER, Mosekilde L, Foldspang A. Aging Clin. Exp. Res. 2005; 17(2): 125-132.

Affiliation

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. erl@inet.uni2.dk

Comment In:

Aging Clin Exp Res 2005;17(2):71-3.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2005, Editrice Kurtis)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

15977461

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We evaluated the effect of two programs for the prevention of falls leading to acute hospital admission in a population of elderly community-dwelling Danish residents. METHODS: This was a factorial, pragmatic, intervention study. We included 9605 community-dwelling city residents aged 66+ years. We offered a prevention program consisting of a daily supplement of 1000 mg of elemental calcium as calcium carbonate and 400 IU (10 microg) of vitamin-D3 to a total of 4957 participants. The remaining 5063 participants were offered home safety inspection with dietary and health advice, or no intervention. RESULTS: The Calcium and Vitamin D program was followed by 50.3% and the Environmental and Health Program by 46.4%. According to a multivariate analysis including age, marital status and intervention program, female residents who followed the Calcium and Vitamin D Program had a 12% risk reduction in severe falls (RR 0.88; 95% CI 0.79-0.98; p < 0.05; NNT 9). CONCLUSIONS: The present study supports the hypothesis that vitamin D and calcium supplementation prevent falls leading to acute hospitalization in community-dwelling elderly females in a northern European region known to be deficient in vitamin D.


Language: en

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