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Journal Article

Citation

Cusack KJ, Herring AH, Steadman HJ. Psychiatr. Serv. 2013; 64(8): 776-781.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, American Psychiatric Association)

DOI

10.1176/appi.ps.000052012

PMID

23633122

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Many of the individuals with serious mental illness involved in the criminal justice system have experienced interpersonal victimization, such as sexual abuse, and have high rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. Little attention has been paid to the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its potential role in the substance misuse of offenders with mental illness. METHODS The study used a path analytic framework to test the hypothesis that PTSD mediates the relationship between sexual abuse and level of alcohol and drug use among individuals (N=386) with mental illness enrolled in a multisite (N=7) jail diversion project. RESULTS Sexual abuse was strongly associated with PTSD, which was in turn associated with both heavy drug use and heavy drinking. CONCLUSIONS These findings suggest that PTSD may be an important target for jail diversion programs.


Language: en

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