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Journal Article

Citation

Pileggi C, Lotito F, Bianco A, Nobile CGA, Pavia M. PLoS One 2013; 8(6): e66680.

Affiliation

Department of Health Sciences, University of Catanzaro "Magna Græcia", Catanzaro, Italy.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0066680

PMID

23805261

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess relationship between obesity and chronic shorter sleep duration in children and to determine if lack of sleep represents an independent determinant of childhood Body Mass Index. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in all children enrolled in the fifth class (approximately 10 years of age) of all public primary schools in Catanzaro (Southern Italy). The overall response rate was 62% resulting in 542 participating children. Parents completed a questionnaire with information on their demographics and socio-economic characteristics, their health status, characteristics of their child birth and health status. The sleeping habits were investigated in the 3 months preceding the consultation and parents were asked to indicate hours of bedtime and wake-up of their children. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to examine the association between child BMI and chronic lack of sleep. RESULTS: 36.7% of the children surveyed were overweight or obese. A quarter of children did not routinely play sports and many of them spent more than an hour a day watching TV (60.7%) and using videogames or computer (51.1%). Widespread dietary habits were inadequate, especially concerning vegetables and fruit intake with more than 95% of children who consumed insufficient amounts. The average duration of sleep was equal to 9.4 (SD = ±0.6) hours, and the short-sleepers accounted for 38.9% of the total sample. The results of multivariate analysis showed a significant 0.77 Kg/m(2) increase of BMI for children classified as short compared to normal sleepers (95%CI = 0.16-1.38, p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic lack of sleep appears to be associated to higher BMI even in middle childhood and strongly suggests that public health strategies, focused on promoting healthy lifestyles should include an innovative approach to ensure an adequate duration of sleep at night especially in children, alongside more traditional approaches.


Language: en

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