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Journal Article

Citation

Catanesi R, Martino V, Candelli C, Troccoli G, Grattagliano I, Vella GD, Carabellese F. J. Forensic Sci. 2013; 58(5): 1388-1392.

Affiliation

Section of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, University of Bari, P.zza G. Cesare, 70124, Bari, Italy.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, American Society for Testing and Materials, Publisher John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/1556-4029.12178

PMID

23822214

Abstract

The aim of this study is to identify protective and risk factors related to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on a sample of survivors from a single plane crash. Eighteen survivors were examined 6 months following the event. The subjects all underwent psychiatric interviews, Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale structured interviews, personality and cognitive tests. Only 38.9% of them presented with all of the symptoms of PTSD; 22.2% showed no symptoms for PTSD; remaining survivors exhibited emotional/affective symptoms related to the event. In addition to the severity of the traumatic event itself, other risk factors identified were the loss of a relative, the manifestation of depressive symptoms, and the severity of physical injuries sustained. Low levels of hostility and high levels of self-efficacy represented protective factors against developing PTSD.


Language: en

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