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Journal Article

Citation

Bodemer N, Ruggeri A, Galesic M. PLoS One 2013; 8(6): e66544.

Affiliation

Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany ; Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0066544

PMID

23840503

Abstract

People show higher sensitivity to dread risks, rare events that kill many people at once, compared with continuous risks, relatively frequent events that kill many people over a longer period of time. The different reaction to dread risks is often considered a bias: If the continuous risk causes the same number of fatalities, it should not be perceived as less dreadful. We test the hypothesis that a dread risk may have a stronger negative impact on the cumulative population size over time in comparison with a continuous risk causing the same number of fatalities. This difference should be particularly strong when the risky event affects children and young adults who would have produced future offspring if they had survived longer. We conducted a series of simulations, with varying assumptions about population size, population growth, age group affected by risky event, and the underlying demographic model. Results show that dread risks affect the population more severely over time than continuous risks that cause the same number of fatalities, suggesting that fearing a dread risk more than a continuous risk is an ecologically rational strategy.


Language: en

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