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Journal Article

Citation

Allah KC, Kossoko H, Assi Djè Bi Djè V, Yéo S, Bonny R, Richard Kadio M. Ann. Chir. Plast. Esthet. 2014; 59(3): 181-188.

Vernacular Title

Mains avec lésions de blast en situation sanitaire précaire.

Affiliation

Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, chirurgie de la main et brûlologie, CHU de Treichville, 01 BP V 3 Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire. Electronic address: allahkchristophe@yahoo.fr.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2014, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.anplas.2013.05.006

PMID

23849164

Abstract

The hands of "blast" resulting from the handling of unstable explosives. Their repercussion is functional and vital in trauma patients. The authors report their experience of care from the hands of blast in precarious health situation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2001 and 2012, 33 hand blasts were supported in 30 injured civilians and military, received emergency, during and after armed conflict. RESULTS: Two women (6.7%) and 28 men (93.3%) were received, including four teenagers (13.3%) and 26 adults (86.7%). During the war, 15 officers weapon (50%) and three civilians (10%) underwent surgery, or 60% of hand injuries. In peacetime, civilians were mostly operated in 33.3% of cases, against 6.7% of cases of agents' weapon. Nineteen hands blast (57.6%) were observed during the war and 14 in peacetime, or 42.4% of cases. The average age was 25.2 years, with extremes of 12 and 50 years. Thirteen left hands (39.4%) and 20 right hands (60.6%) were operated. The lesion concerned all the anatomical structures of the hand. It was unilateral in 27 cases (81.9%) and bilateral in three cases (9.1%). Three types of hand trauma were observed and were as follows: trauma patients with injuries of the hand (18.2%), trauma of severe and isolated proximal hand or finger amputations (75.7%), and trauma of the hand without apparent seriousness (6.1%). The associated lesion was eye (one case), chest (one case), abdominal (five cases). Debridement was performed immediate emergency (93.9%) and delayed (6.1%). The treatment was surgical hemostasis, made mainly of amputations (69.7%) and regularization of digital stumps (12.1%). The repair was performed in 18.2% of cases. One death has been reported in a polytrauma patient with chest blast. CONCLUSION: Blast injuries of the hand are common in times of war in armed agents. The young people, manual workers and children are paying a heavy price in peacetime. As land mines which affect feet, instable hand grenades are left exposed in nature. In precarious health situation, instead of a functional salvage surgery of the hand, it is a hemostasis surgery that makes many mutilated hand. The psycho-social aspect and vocational rehabilitation are additional difficulties supported.


Language: fr

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