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Journal Article

Citation

González-Peña P, Egido BD, Carrasco MÁ, Tello FP. Span. J. Psychol. 2013; 16: E37.

Affiliation

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain).

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Complutense University of Madrid, Publisher Cambridge University Press)

DOI

10.1017/sjp.2013.28

PMID

23866232

Abstract

This study's objective is to analyze temperament and parenting variables as they relate to proactive and reactive aggression in children. To be specific, profiles based on these variables were analyzed in children with high levels of proactive versus reactive aggression. The sample was made up of two groups: 482 children (52.3% boys) between 1 and 3 years-old, and 422 children (42.42% boys) 3 to 6 years-old. Statistical analyses of the two age groups included: Pearson´s correlations to explore the relationships among variables, Cluster Analysis to create groups with different levels of aggression, and finally discriminant analysis to determine which variables discriminate between groups. The results show that high levels of frustration/negative affect in the 1-3 year-old group and low effortful control in children 3 to 6 years old are the most relevant variables in differentiating between aggressive and non-aggressive subjects. Nevertheless, differential profiles of subjects with high levels of proactive versus reactive aggression were not observed. The implications of these different types of aggression in terms of development and prevention are discussed.


Language: en

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