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Journal Article

Citation

Pattussi MP, Hardy R, Sheiham A. Am. J. Public Health 2006; 96(8): 1462-1468.

Affiliation

Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2006, American Public Health Association)

DOI

10.2105/AJPH.2005.066159

PMID

16809595

PMCID

PMC1522098

Abstract

Objectives. Evidence suggests that communities with higher levels of social capital have better health, but this association has not been explored specifically in relation to dental injury. We investigated the association between social capital and dental injury. Methods. A multilevel study assessed individual and neighborhood effects on dental injury of 1302 14- to 15-year-old adolescents in 39 schools of Distrito Federal, Brazil. Children underwent a dental examination and, with their parents, answered a questionnaire about their local environments. Our data analysis used logistic multilevel modeling of students and neighborhood (the latter defined by catchment areas of schools). Results. The prevalence of dental injury was significantly lower in neighborhoods with higher levels of social capital, especially among boys. After control for individual and neighborhood variables, the adjusted odds ratio for a 1-unit increase in the standardized social capital index was 0.55 (95% confidence interval=0.37, 0.81; P=.002) among boys. Conclusions. Social capital may explain inequalities in rates of dental injury, especially among boys.


Language: en

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