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Journal Article


Ollendick TH. Behav. Ther. 1996; 27(4): 485-514.


(Copyright © 1996, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Publisher Elsevier Publishing)






Violence in America is widespread and affects many aspects of our daily lives. This paper reviews one form of violence in America, youth violence, and examines the extent and scope of the problem and its associated challenges. In addition to alarming rates of mortality, especially for minority youths, considerable morbidity is associated with youth violence. Many youths who experience or witness violence develop posttraumatic stress disorder or related cognitive, affective, and behavioral problems. Following a review of these sequelae to violence, attention is directed toward the multiple interacting and transacting causes of violence, including biological, physiological, chemical, behavioral, psychological, sociological, economical, and political determinants. In response to these multiple influences, cognitive and behavior therapists have developed a range of intervention and prevention programs that have proven useful and effective, at least in the short run. Yet we must do more. The development of new programs that are developmentally sensitive, ecologically valid, and that build on a solid functional analysis of violent behavior in society is proposed. (Abstract Adapted from Source: Behavior Therapy, 1996. Copyright © 1996 by the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy)

Juvenile Offender
Juvenile Violence
Juvenile Victim
Violence Effects
Psychological Victimization Effects
Exposure to Violence
Witnessing Violence Effects
Juvenile Witness
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Violence Prevention
Violence Intervention
Prevention Recommendations
Prevention Program
Intervention Program
Intervention Recommendations


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