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Journal Article

Citation

Yang S, Ding W, Yang D, Gu T, Zhang F, Zhang D, Sun Y, Ma L, Song Y. PLoS One 2013; 8(11): e78358.

Affiliation

Department of Spine Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China ; Hebei Provincial Key Laboratory of Orthopedic Biomechanics, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0078358

PMID

24223795

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of cervical spine injury in the patients with cervical trauma and analyze its associated risk factors during the special heating season in North China. There is a heating period annually between November and the next February in North China when fog and snow are common seen here and there. Cervical spine trauma and spinal cord injury seem to occur more often during this special period.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated predictors for cervical spine injury in cervical trauma patients using retrospectively collected data of Hebei Provincial Orthopaedic Hospital from 11/2011 to 02/2012, and 11/2012 to 02/2013. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine risk factors for cervical fractures/dislocations or cord injury.

RESULTS: A total of 106 patients were admitted into this study. Of all, 34 patients (32.1%) were treated from 11/2011 to 02/2012 and 72 patients (67.9%) from 11/2012 to 02/2013. The mean age was 41.9±13.3 years old; 85 patients (80.2%) were male and 82 (77.4%) from rural areas. Eighty patients (75.5%) were caused by fall including 45 (42.5%) by severe fall (>2 m). Sixty-five patients (61.3%) of all suffered injuries to other body regions and 32 (30.2%) got head injury. Thirty-one patients (29.2%) sustained cervical cord injury with cervical fractures/dislocations. Twenty-six (83.9%) of cervical cord injury patients were from rural areas and 24 (77.4%) of those resulted from fall including 15 (48.4%) from severe fall (>2 m). Logistic regression displayed that age (OR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.05-2.07), head injury (OR, 5.63; 95% CI, 2.23-14.26), were risk factors for cervical cord injury and snowing (OR, 8.25; 95% CI, 2.26-30.15) was a risk factor for cervical spine injury due to severe fall (>2 m).

CONCLUSIONS: The elder male patients and patients with head trauma are high-risk population for cervical cord injury. As a seasonal factor, snowing during heating season is of note a risk factor for cervical spine injury resulting from severe fall (>2 m) in the patients with cervical trauma in North China.


Language: en

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