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Journal Article

Citation

Moussaïd M. PLoS One 2013; 8(12): e84592.

Affiliation

Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany ; Center for Adaptive Rationality, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0084592

PMID

24386398

PMCID

PMC3875559

Abstract

The formation of collective opinion is a complex phenomenon that results from the combined effects of mass media exposure and social influence between individuals. The present work introduces a model of opinion formation specifically designed to address risk judgments, such as attitudes towards climate change, terrorist threats, or children vaccination. The model assumes that people collect risk information from the media environment and exchange them locally with other individuals. Even though individuals are initially exposed to the same sample of information, the model predicts the emergence of opinion polarization and clustering. In particular, numerical simulations highlight two crucial factors that determine the collective outcome: the propensity of individuals to search for independent information, and the strength of social influence. This work provides a quantitative framework to anticipate and manage how the public responds to a given risk, and could help understanding the systemic amplification of fears and worries, or the underestimation of real dangers.


Language: en

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