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Journal Article

Citation

van Spijker BA, van Straten A, Kerkhof AJ. PLoS One 2014; 9(2): e90118.

Affiliation

Department of Clinical Psychology and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Psychology and Education, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2014, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0090118

PMID

24587233

PMCID

PMC3937447

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many people with suicidal thoughts do not receive treatment. The Internet can be used to reach more people in need of support. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of unguided online self-help to reduce suicidal thoughts. METHOD: 236 adults with mild to moderate suicidal thoughts were randomised to the intervention (n = 116) or a waitlist control group (n = 120). Assessments took place at baseline, and 2, 4 and 6 weeks later. Primary outcome was suicidal thoughts. Secondary outcomes were depressive symptoms, anxiety, hopelessness, worry, and health status. RESULTS: The intervention group showed a small significant effect in reducing suicidal thoughts (d = 0.28). Effects were more pronounced for those with a history of repeated suicide attempts. There was also a significant reduction in worry (d = 0.33). All other secondary outcomes showed small but non-significant improvements. CONCLUSIONS: Although effect sizes were small, the reach of the internet could enable this intervention to help many people reduce their suicidal thoughts. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register NTR1689.


Language: en

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