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Journal Article


Boniface R, Museru L, Munthali V, Lett R. Pan. Afr. Med. J. 2013; 16: 120.


Canadian Network for International Surgery, Vancouver, Canada ; Surgery Department, McGill University of British Columbia.


(Copyright © 2013, African Field Epidemiology Network)






INTRODUCTION: Work related injuries are common, and the mining industry accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. Tanzania is among the countries with high rates of mining injuries, nevertheless pre-hospital care is almost non existant and health care service deliveries are poor. This study sought to identify factors associated with injuries and fatalities among miners in Mererani, Tanzania.

METHODS: A Cross - Sectional study of miners who sustained injuries and seen at Mererani health centre between January 2009 and May 2012.

RESULTS: In the selected period 248 injury patients were seen. All were males, and 54% were between 18 - 30 years age-group. Almost all (98.7%) didn't use protective gears at work, and worked for more than 12 hours daily. Falling rocks were the leading cause of injury (18.2%), and majority sustained multiple injuries (33%). Of the patients seen, 41.3% died. The following were more likely to die than others; Primary education (p = 0.04), Less than 5 years work experience (p = 0.000), unintentional injuries (p = 0.000), fall injuries (p = 0.000) and sustaining multiple injuries (p = 0.000).

CONCLUSION: The burden of injuries and fatalities demonstrated in this study, point to the need for implementation and monitoring of the use of safety equipment and operating procedures of the mines by government and other regulatory authorities. Initiation of pre hospital care at the mines and improved emergency medical service delivery at health centers in Tanzania.

Language: en


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