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Journal Article

Citation

Huang GC, Soto D, Fujimoto K, Valente TW. Am. J. Public Health 2014; 104(8): e51-9.

Affiliation

Grace C. Huang, Daniel Soto, and Thomas W. Valente are with the Institute for Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Kayo Fujimoto is with the Division of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Texas at Houston.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2014, American Public Health Association)

DOI

10.2105/AJPH.2014.302038

PMID

24922126

Abstract

OBJECTIVEs. We examined the coevolution of adolescent friendships and peer influences with respect to their risk behaviors and social networking site use.

METHODS. Investigators of the Social Network Study collected longitudinal data during fall 2010 and spring 2011 from 10th-grade students in 5 Southern California high schools (nā€‰=ā€‰1434). We used meta-analyses of stochastic actor-based models to estimate changes in friendship ties and risk behaviors and the effects of Facebook and MySpace use.

RESULTS. Significant shifts in adolescent smoking and drinking occurred despite little change in overall prevalence rates. Students with higher levels of alcohol use were more likely to send and receive friendship nominations and become friends with other drinkers. They were also more likely to increase alcohol use if their friends drank more. Adolescents selected friends with similar Facebook and MySpace use habits. Exposure to friends' risky online pictures increased smoking behaviors but had no significant effects on alcohol use.

CONCLUSIONS. Our findings support a greater focus on friendship selection mechanisms in school-based alcohol use interventions. Social media platforms may help identify at-risk adolescent groups and foster positive norms about risk behaviors. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print June 12, 2014: e1-e9. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302038).


Language: en

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