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Journal Article


Gardella JH, Nichols-Hadeed CA, Mastrocinque JM, Stone JT, Coates CA, Sly CJ, Cerulli C. J. Interpers. Violence 2015; 30(4): 640-658.


University of Rochester, NY, USA.


(Copyright © 2015, SAGE Publishing)






The Clery Act requires all US colleges and universities that participate in federal financial aid programs to keep and disclose information about crime on and near their respective campuses. Compliance is monitored by the United States Department of Education, which can impose costly civil penalties against institutions for each infraction and can suspend institutions from participating in federal student financial aid programs.

This study examined the relationships among victimization, demographic characteristics, and activity choices in a cross-sectional sample of 479 undergraduate students. In the sample, 74% was female and 65% was Caucasian, with an even distribution of ages ranging from 18 to 22+ years; all participants completed an online survey. Using survey feedback, the study team performed multivariate regression analysis and reported quantity and type of victimization experiences in relation to factors that may contribute to identifying groups at risk for experiencing violence.

FINDINGS suggest that gender, grade point average, and membership in student organizations or Greek-letter organizations influence students' potential for different types of victimization. Furthermore, alcohol use and household income did not have a statistically significant relationship with any victimization types. Finally, rates reported indicate student underreporting and illustrate difficulty implementing the Clery Act. Policy recommendations, future research, and limitations are discussed. With accurate victimization data, resources and services may be more efficiently allocated to meet the needs of students at greater risk for victimization.

Language: en


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