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Journal Article

Citation

Bisio A, Sciutti A, Nori F, Metta G, Fadiga L, Sandini G, Pozzo T. PLoS One 2014; 9(8): e106172.

Affiliation

Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genoa, Italy; INSERM, U1093, Cognition Action Plasticité Sensorimotrice, Dijon, France; Institut Universitaire de France, Université de Bourgogne, Campus Universitaire, UFR STAPS Dijon, France.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2014, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0106172

PMID

25153990

PMCID

PMC4143359

Abstract

Motor resonance mechanisms are known to affect humans' ability to interact with others, yielding the kind of "mutual understanding" that is the basis of social interaction. However, it remains unclear how the partner's action features combine or compete to promote or prevent motor resonance during interaction. To clarify this point, the present study tested whether and how the nature of the visual stimulus and the properties of the observed actions influence observer's motor response, being motor contagion one of the behavioral manifestations of motor resonance. Participants observed a humanoid robot and a human agent move their hands into a pre-specified final position or put an object into a container at various velocities. Their movements, both in the object- and non-object- directed conditions, were characterized by either a smooth/curvilinear or a jerky/segmented trajectory. These trajectories were covered with biological or non-biological kinematics (the latter only by the humanoid robot). After action observation, participants were requested to either reach the indicated final position or to transport a similar object into another container.

RESULTS showed that motor contagion appeared for both the interactive partner except when the humanoid robot violated the biological laws of motion. These findings suggest that the observer may transiently match his/her own motor repertoire to that of the observed agent. This matching might mediate the activation of motor resonance, and modulate the spontaneity and the pleasantness of the interaction, whatever the nature of the communication partner.


Language: en

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