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Journal Article

Citation

Claes L, Islam MA, Fagundo AB, Jimenez-Murcia S, Granero R, Agüera Z, Rossi E, Menchón JM, Fernández-Aranda F. PLoS One 2015; 10(5): e0126083.

Affiliation

CIBER Fisiología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2015, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0126083

PMID

25993565

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the association between Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) and the UPPS-P impulsivity facets in eating disorder patients and healthy controls. The prevalence of NSSI in eating disorder (ED) patients ranged from 17% in restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN-R) patients to 43% in patients with bulimia nervosa (BN). In healthy controls (HC), the prevalence of NSSI was 19%. Eating disorder patients from the binge eating/purging type showed significantly more NSSI compared to restrictive ED and HC participants. Binge-eating/purging ED patients also scored significantly higher on Negative/Positive Urgency, Lack of Premeditation and Lack of Perseverance compared to HC and restrictive ED patients. Comparable findings were found between ED patients and HC with and without NSSI; ED patients and HC with NSSI scored significantly higher in four of the five UPPS-P dimensions compared to participants without NSSI; Sensation Seeking was the exception. Finally, the presence of NSSI in HC/ED patients was particularly predicted by low levels of Perseverance. Therefore, the treatment of ED patients with NSSI certainly needs to focus on the training of effortful control.


Language: en

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