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Journal Article

Citation

Cooper C, Eslinger DM, Stolley PD. J. Trauma 2006; 61(3): 534-540.

Affiliation

R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland (C.C., D.M.E.); and the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland at Baltimore School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2006, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)

DOI

10.1097/01.ta.0000236576.81860.8c

PMID

16966983

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Hospital-based violence prevention programs have emerged at trauma centers nationwide; however, none has been thoroughly evaluated for effectiveness. Our Violence Intervention Program (VIP) conducted a prospective randomized control study to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention for repeat victims of violence. METHOD:: Patients admitted between 1999 and 2001 for treatment of injuries inflicted by a violent act were identified. Repeat victims of violence on parole/probation were invited to join the study. Participants were given a history-gathering questionnaire and randomized into two groups. Cases (intervention [n = 56]) received intensive psychosocial follow-up services, family or group therapy, and assisted with substance abuse treatment. Controls (nonintervention [n = 44]) received standard medical treatment and follow-through in accordance with standard parole or probation procedures. RESULTS:: There was no significant difference in the number of arrests in the two groups. The control group was three times more likely to be arrested for a violent crime, two times more likely to be convicted of any crime, and four times more likely to be convicted of a violent crime. The projected time of incarceration is significantly longer for the control group. Repeat violent criminal activity was significantly more evident in the control group. CONCLUSION:: Significant differences exist between the VIP intervention and nonintervention groups in terms of the quantity and severity of criminal activity.


Language: en

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