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Journal Article

Citation

Shearer J, Boone D, Weisz H, Jennings K, Uchida T, Parsley M, DeWitt D, Prough D, Hellmich H. Aging Clin. Exp. Res. 2015; 28(2): 363-367.

Affiliation

Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX, 77555-0830, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2015, Editrice Kurtis)

DOI

10.1007/s40520-015-0396-2

PMID

26140916

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a risk factor for age-related dementia and development of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease that are associated with cognitive decline. The exact mechanism for this risk is unknown but we hypothesized that TBI is exacerbating age-related changes in gene expression. Here, we present evidence in an animal model that experimental TBI increases age-related stochastic gene expression. We compared the variability in expression of several genes associated with cell survival or death, among three groups of laser capture microdissected hippocampal neurons from aging rat brains. TBI increased stochastic fluctuations in gene expression in both dying and surviving neurons compared to the naïve neurons. Increases in random, stochastic fluctuations in prosurvival or prodeath gene expression could potentially alter cell survival or cell death pathways in aging neurons after TBI which may lead to age-related cognitive decline.


Language: en

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