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Journal Article

Citation

Lowndes BR, Heald EA, Hallbeck MS. Appl. Ergon. 2015; 51: 1-8.

Affiliation

Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA. Electronic address: hallbeck@unl.edu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2015, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.apergo.2015.04.002

PMID

26154198

Abstract

Hand operation accompanied with any combination of large forces, awkward positions and repetition may lead to upper limb injury or illness and may be exacerbated by vibration. Commercial lawn mowers expose operators to these factors during actuation of hand controls and therefore may be a health concern. A nontraditional lawn mower control system may decrease upper limb illnesses and injuries through more neutral hand and body positioning. This study compared maximum grip strength in twelve different orientations (3 grip spans and 4 positions) and evaluated self-described comfortable handle positions. The results displayed force differences between nontraditional (X) and both vertical (V) and pistol (P) positions (p < 0.0001) and among the different grip spans (p < 0.0001). Based on these results, recommended designs should incorporate a tilt between 45 and 70°, handle rotations between 48 and 78°, and reduced force requirements or decreased grip spans to improve user health and comfort.


Language: en

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