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Journal Article

Citation

Peters AMF, Corrado RR. J. Juv. Justice 2013; 2(2): 76-94.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, In Public Domain (U.S. Department of Justice OJJDP), Publisher CSR)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

The research described in this article examined the impact of general strain theory on young offenders' institutional adjustment, as measured using self-reported experiences in custody. Utilizing a sample of young offenders incarcerated for serious crimes in British Columbia, Canada, this study employed structural equation modeling (SEM) to explore the effects of noxious stimuli, the removal of positively valued stimuli, and vicarious strain on young offenders' general institutional adjustment, as mediated by negative emotions including anger, depression, and anxiety. Our results support the following putative relationship: the prior experiences of these young offenders moderately, but significantly, influence negative emotionality and continued adjustment problems (i.e., victimization and environmental stressors) in an institutional setting. We present implications for custodial screening and programming that should be extended to the community, and propose areas for continued research.

KEYWORDS: incarcerated juveniles; risk factors; juvenile rehabilitation; needs assessment; coping, juvenile justice


Language: en

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