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Journal Article

Citation

Pliske G, Emmermacher P, Weinbeer V, Witte K. Aging Clin. Exp. Res. 2015; 28(6): 1179-1186.

Affiliation

Department of Sports Science, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Zschokkestraße 32, 39104, Magdeburg, Germany.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2015, Editrice Kurtis)

DOI

10.1007/s40520-015-0508-z

PMID

26661888

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Demographic changes resulting in an aging population are major factors for an increase of fall-related injuries. Especially in situations where dual tasks such as walking whilst talking have to be performed simultaneously the risk of a fall-related injury increases. It is well known that some types of martial art (e.g. Tai Chi) can reduce the risk of a fall. It is unknown if the same is true for karate. AIM AND METHODS: In this randomized, controlled study 68 people with a mean age of 69 years underwent 5-month karate training, 5-month fitness training or were part of a control group. Before and after the time of intervention a gait analysis with normal walk, a cognitive dual task and a motor dual task were performed. The gait parameter step frequency, walking speed, single-step time and single-step length were investigated.

RESULTS: It could be seen that all groups improved their gait parameters after a 5-month period, even the control group. A sporty intervention seems to affect mainly the temporal gait parameters positively. This effect was especially demonstrated for normal walk and cognitive dual task.

CONCLUSIONS: An improvement of the human walk seems to be possible through karate and fitness training, even under dual-task conditions. A prolonged intervention time with multiple repetitions of gait analysis could give better evidence if karate is a useful tool to increase fall prevention.


Language: en

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