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Journal Article

Citation

Pravossoudovitch K, Martha C, Cury F, Granie MA. Span. J. Psychol. 2015; 18: E100.

Affiliation

IFSTTAR-LMA(France).

Copyright

(Copyright © 2015, Complutense University of Madrid, Publisher Cambridge University Press)

DOI

10.1017/sjp.2015.94

PMID

26695552

Abstract

Sex and age differences are particularly pronounced in car accidents. Current psychological research is exploring the relationship between risky driving and compliance with sex stereotypes, notably conformity with social expectations concerning masculinity. Some studies have already shown that sex stereotypes associated with driving (SSAD) may influence driving behaviors. The aim of this research was to explore the participants' sex and age differences in SSAD endorsement. A questionnaire was developed and validated on four dimensions of SSAD: male's driving skills and female's compliance with traffic rules, courtesy behind the wheel, and risk avoidance in driving. SSAD endorsement was measured for 291 licensed drivers from 18 to 64 years of age.

RESULTS revealed that females endorsed the female's risk avoidance stereotype more (p <.05), whereas males endorsed the male drivers (driving skills) stereotype more (p <.05).

RESULTS also revealed that the endorsement of male's driving skills decreases with age (p <.01) and the endorsement of female's courtesy increases with age among all participants (p =.01), while the endorsement of female's compliance with traffic rules increases with age only among female participants (p <.05). The results are discussed in terms of in-group/out-group relations and sex and age differences.


Language: en

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