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Journal Article


Ilola AM, Lempinen L, Huttunen J, Ristkari T, Sourander A. Acta Paediatr. 2016; 105(5): 522-528.


Department of Child Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Turku.


(Copyright © 2016, John Wiley and Sons)






AIM: There are few population-based studies on bullying behaviour among preschool children. The aims of the study were to investigate the prevalence of bullying behaviour among four-year-old children, as reported by their parents, the prevalence of types of bullying behaviour and the associations between bullying behaviour and psychosocial factors.

METHODS: This study was based on a population-based study sample of 931 children who attended their check-up at a child health clinic at four years of age. Parents completed the questionnaire about their child's bullying behaviour and risk factors during the check-up.

RESULTS: Bullying behaviour, especially being both a bully and a victim, was a common phenomenon among four-year-old children. Being a bully or both a bully and victim were most strongly associated with conduct problems, while being a victim was associated with somatic symptoms and peer problems.

CONCLUSION: Bullying behaviour was frequently found in preschool children and associated with a wide range of other problems, which indicate that routine checking of bullying behaviour should be included in child health clinic check-ups. Bullying prevention programmes are usually targeted at school-aged children, but this study highlights the importance of focusing already on preschool children. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Language: en


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