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Journal Article

Citation

Mansur Ade P, Rocha MA, Leyton V, Takada JY, Avakian SD, Santos AJ, Novo GC, Nascimento AL, Muñoz DR, Rohlfs WJ. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. 2015; 105(6): 560-565.

Affiliation

Departamento da Polícia Rodoviária Federal, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2015, Sociedad Brasileira De Cardiologia)

DOI

10.5935/abc.20150132

PMID

26761367

PMCID

PMC4693659

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Truck driver sleepiness is a primary cause of vehicle accidents. Several causes are associated with sleepiness in truck drivers. Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with sleep disorders and with primary risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We analyzed the relationship between these conditions and prevalence of sleepiness in truck drivers.

METHODS: We analyzed the major risk factors for CVD, anthropometric data and sleep disorders in 2228 male truck drivers from 148 road stops made by the Federal Highway Police from 2006 to 2011. Alcohol consumption, illicit drugs and overtime working hours were also analyzed. Sleepiness was assessed using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale.

RESULTS: Mean age was 43.1 ± 10.8 years. From 2006 to 2011, an increase in neck (p = 0.011) and abdominal circumference (p < 0.001), total cholesterol (p < 0.001), triglyceride plasma levels (p = 0.014), and sleepiness was observed (p < 0.001). In addition, a reduction in hypertension (39.6% to 25.9%, p < 0.001), alcohol consumption (32% to 23%, p = 0.033) and overtime hours (52.2% to 42.8%, p < 0.001) was found. Linear regression analysis showed that sleepiness correlated closely with body mass index (β = 0.19, Raj2 = 0.659, p = 0.031), abdominal circumference (β = 0.24, Raj2 = 0.826, p = 0.021), hypertension (β = -0.62, Raj2 = 0.901, p = 0.002), and triglycerides (β = 0.34, Raj2 = 0.936, p = 0.022). Linear multiple regression indicated that hypertension (p = 0.008) and abdominal circumference (p = 0.025) are independent variables for sleepiness.

CONCLUSIONS: Increased prevalence of sleepiness was associated with major components of the MetS.


Language: pt

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