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Journal Article

Citation

Betancourt T, Smith Fawzi MC, Stevenson A, Kanyanganzi F, Kirk C, Ng L, Mushashi C, Bizimana JI, Beardslee W, Raviola G, Smith S, Kayiteshonga Y, Binagwaho A. PLoS One 2016; 11(6): e0157042.

Affiliation

University of Global Health Equity, Kigali, Rwanda.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2016, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0157042

PMID

27351337

Abstract

A "risk of harm" protocol to identify youth in need of immediate emergency assistance in a study on mental health and HIV in Rwanda among 680 youth ages 10-17 is described. Cases are presented that describe the experience in using this protocol to ensure safety of participants, with ethical and logistical challenges considered. Among the population of the study, 3.2% were deemed "risk of harm." The most prevalent presenting problem was non-fatal suicidal behavior (91% of risk of harm cases), with 36% having a history of a reported previous attempt. Challenges included: acute food insecurity/significant poverty; lack of support/adequate supervision from family members; family violence; alcohol abuse; and HIV-related stigma. Development of a "risk of harm" protocol and collaboration between study staff, community leadership, health authorities, and health workers are critical to ensuring participants' safety in research among vulnerable populations.


Language: en

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