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Journal Article

Citation

Paraschakis A, Michopoulos I, Christodoulou C, Koutsaftis F, Douzenis A. J. Forensic Sci. 2016; 61(6): 1660-1663.

Affiliation

2nd Department of Psychiatry, "Attikon" General Hospital, Athens University Medical School, 1, Rimini Str, Postal Code 124 62, Haidari, Attica, Greece.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2016, American Society for Testing and Materials, Publisher John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/1556-4029.13195

PMID

27643812

Abstract

Frequency and gender differences of psychiatric medication intake in a sample of suicide victims from the Athens Greater Area were investigated with a particular focus on the implications for suicide prevention. Data were collected from the toxicological analyses of the suicide cases of the period November 2007-October 2009. Information was available for 262 individuals, 196 men (74.8%) and 66 women (25.2%); 109 of these (41.6%) were receiving psychiatric medication(s). Women were statistically more frequently under treatment: antidepressants (32.8% vs. 11.3%, p < 0.001), antiepileptics (9.1% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.001), antipsychotics (24.2% vs. 9.2%, p = 0.003), and benzodiazepines (16.7% vs. 6.6%, p = 0.024). Campaigns aiming to bring men with psychological difficulties in contact with mental health services and to lessen the stigma of mental illness, together with better training of nonpsychiatrists into "suspecting" "male" depression, could be particularly helpful for decreasing male suicides. More thoughtful choice of psychiatric medication could possibly already prevent a number of female suicides.

© 2016 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.


Language: en

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