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Journal Article

Citation

Stogner J, Martinez JA, Miller BL, Sher KJ. Alcohol Clin. Exp. Res. 2016; 40(12): 2648-2655.

Affiliation

The Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri and the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Columbia, Missouri.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2016, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/acer.13240

PMID

27769102

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Underage college students who obtain and use false identification (fake ID) are at risk for negative outcomes. However, it is currently unclear how uniquely the fake ID itself serves as a vehicle to subsequent harm (i.e., the "fake ID effect") over and above general and trait-related risk factors (e.g., deviant peers, low self-control).

METHODS: To investigate whether the "fake ID effect" would hold after accounting for phenotypic risk, we utilized propensity score matching (PSM) in a cross-sectional sample of 1,454 students, and a longitudinal replication sample of 3,720 undergraduates. Individuals with a fake ID were matched with individuals without a fake ID, in terms of a number of trait-based and social risk factors. These matched groups were then compared on 5 problematic outcomes (i.e., frequent binge drinking, alcohol-related problems, arrests, marijuana use, and hard drug use).

RESULTS: Findings showed that "fake ID effects" were substantially-although not fully-diminished following PSM. The "fake ID effect" remained strongest for alcohol-related arrests. This may relate to issues of enforcement and students' willingness to engage in deviant behavior with a fake ID, or it may be a function of combined processes.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the findings suggest that interventions should not only be aimed at reducing the fake ID-related alcohol access specifically, but should also be aimed more generally toward at-risk youths' access to alcohol. Future research might examine whether fake IDs have their strongest potency as moderators of the effects of risky traits-such as impulsiveness-on drinking outcomes.

Copyright © 2016 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.


Language: en

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