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Journal Article

Citation

da Silva RF, Oliveira Lima ME. Span. J. Psychol. 2016; 19: E77.

Affiliation

Universidade Federal de Sergipe(Brazil).

Copyright

(Copyright © 2016, Complutense University of Madrid, Publisher Cambridge University Press)

DOI

10.1017/sjp.2016.77

PMID

27841106

Abstract

Social judgments are often influenced by racism. Voluntary crimes against life, and in particular the crime of homicide, may be the most critical situations of the impact of racism in social judgments. We analyzed 114 homicide trials conducted by the 1st Jury Court, in a Brazilian judicial capital, concluded between 2003 and 2007, for the purpose of investigating the effects of skin color and the socioeconomic status of the defendant and the victim of homicides in the jury trial court's decision. The results indicate that the social and economic profile of defendants and victims of homicide is identical. They are almost all poor (more than 70%), with low education (more than 73%) and frequently non-Whites (more than 88%). We found that judges assign longer sentences to black (β =.34, p =.01) and poor defendants (β =.23, p <.05). We even verified that the poorer the defendant, the higher was the corresponding conviction rate (Wald's Test = 5.90, p <.05). The results are discussed based on theories of social psychology and criminological sociology, which consider the relationship between skin color and socioeconomic status in social judgments and in discrimination.


Language: en

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