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Journal Article

Citation

Kashima S, Inoue K, Matsumoto M. PLoS One 2017; 12(1): e0169220.

Affiliation

Department of Community Based Medical System, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2017, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0169220

PMID

28046089

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The shortage of physicians after a major disaster is a crucial issue. We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of physicians who left affected areas following the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011.

METHODS: Using data from a physician census conducted in 2010 (pre-disaster) and 2012 (post-disaster), we evaluated changes in the number of physicians in affected areas. We then calculated the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals using a logistic regression model to evaluate the association between physician characteristics and outflow. We also conducted stratified analyses based on physician characteristics.

RESULTS: The number of physicians decreased in Fukushima Prefecture (-5.3%) and increased in Miyagi Prefecture (2.8%). The decrease in Fukushima and increase in Miyagi were evident even after taking the prefecture's population change into account (change in physician to population ratios: -1.9% and 3.2%, respectively). Compared with physicians who lived in areas >100 km from the nuclear power plant, physicians living 20-50 km and 50-100 km were, respectively, 3.9 times (95% confidence interval, 2.6-5.7) and 2.6 times (95% confidence interval, 1.7-3.8) more likely to migrate to distant areas. In the stratified analysis, younger physicians and those earlier in their careers had higher odds ratios for outflow than other physicians (P for interaction = 0.02 and <0.01, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: The risk of outflow was greater among younger and early-career physicians in areas around the power plant. Political support may be necessary to recruit and retain such physicians, who will be responsible for future community health in the disaster area.


Language: en

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