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Journal Article

Citation

Pliner EM, Seo NJ, Beschorner KE. Appl. Ergon. 2017; 60: 163-170.

Affiliation

Department of Bioengineering, 3700 O'hara St. #302, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. Electronic address: beschorn@pitt.edu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2017, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.apergo.2016.11.011

PMID

28166875

Abstract

Ladder falls cause many fatal injuries. The factors that affect whether a ladder perturbation leads to a fall are not well understood. This study quantified the effects of several factors on a person's ability to recover from a ladder perturbation. Thirty-five participants each experienced six unexpected ladder missteps, for three glove conditions (bare hands, high friction, low friction) and two climbing directions (ascent, descent). Fall severity was increased during ladder descent (p < 0.001). Gloves did not affect fall severity. Females compared to males had greater fall severity during ascent (p < 0.001) and descent (p = 0.018). During ascent, females had greater fall severity during the second perturbation but similar fall severity to males during the other perturbations. Additional protection may be needed when descending a ladder. Also, females may benefit from targeted interventions like training. This study does not suggest that gloves are effective for preventing ladder falls.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Language: en

Keywords

Climbing direction; Gender; Ladder falls

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