SAFETYLIT WEEKLY UPDATE

We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
Email Signup | RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article

Citation

Schall LC, Potoka DA, Ford HR. J. Trauma 2002; 52(2): 235-241.

Affiliation

Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2002, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

11834981

Abstract

BACKGROUND: TRISS methodology estimates probability of survival (P(s)) based on coefficients derived largely from adult data. We developed a novel pediatric age-specific method to estimate P(s). METHODS: The Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study database was queried for pediatric patients injured between 1993 and 1996 (n = 9,730). P(s) derived from the Pediatric Age-Adjusted TRISS (PAAT) methodology was generated using our Age-Specific Pediatric Trauma Score and Injury Severity Score with corresponding weights. A test data set of 7,138 pediatric patients entered in the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study from 1997 to 1999 was used to compute an expected number of survivors for PAAT, TRISS, and ASCOT (A Severity Characteristic of Trauma). Observed and expected survival were compared for blunt injured patients, for head injured patients, and by age category. RESULTS: PAAT showed no significant difference between observed and expected survival. TRISS and ASCOT significantly underestimated overall survival: across age groups, for blunt injuries, for head injuries, and for patients whose P(s) was less than 91%. CONCLUSION: PAAT offers a more reliable methodology than TRISS and ASCOT for comparing pediatric trauma outcomes.

NEW SEARCH


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley
Print