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Journal Article

Citation

Fry D, Blight S. BMJ Glob. Health 2016; 1(Suppl 2): i3-i11.

Affiliation

UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office, Bangkok, Thailand.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2016, BMJ Publishing Group)

DOI

10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000188

PMID

28588988

PMCID

PMC5418648

Abstract

Investments in preventing violence against children in the Asia and Pacific region will bring important social and economic returns that contribute to building the region's 'cognitive capital'. An analysis of burden of violence research in the region is presented to identify the impacts of violence and to demonstrate these returns. Violence is an everyday experience in the lives of many children in the Asia-Pacific, and the toxic stress associated with such routine forms of violence may permanently impact the architecture and chemistry of the developing brain. This can undermine learning and affect behavioural, social and emotional functioning as children grow into adulthood. Given the hundreds of millions of children affected by violence in the region each year, its cumulative impact translates into the annual loss of hundreds of billions of dollars-or about 2% of gross domestic product of the Asia and Pacific region. Violence prevention can affect positively on health and productivity, reduce expenditure on crisis response, improve children's developmental and educational outcomes, and prevent crime. The sustainable development goals and the emerging global consensus on effective prevention strategies constitute a powerful new agenda to end violence against children, and there are critical steps that governments can take to accelerate action.


Language: en

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