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Journal Article


Ding Q, Wang Z, Shen M, Su Z, Shen L. Alcohol Clin. Exp. Res. 2017; 41(9): 1532-1540.


Department of Neurosurgery, Huzhou Central Hospital, Hongqi Road 198, Huzhou, 313000, Zhejiang, China.


(Copyright © 2017, John Wiley and Sons)






After traumatic brain injury (TBI), patients usually live with significant disability and socioeconomic burdens. Acute exposure to alcohol is considered a major risk factor for TBI. Numerous studies have examined whether alcohol exposure is related to the risk of mortality in patients with TBI, yet the results remain inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to assess whether acute alcohol exposure affects the mortality rate of TBI patients. We searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to November 2015 for relevant studies. We screened studies based on their inclusion criteria and selected the studies that reported mortality rate, which included 18 observational studies. We used R to analyze the included data. An initial result showed that the presence of a positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC) had no significant relation with mortality rate (OR=0.92, 95%CI=0.83-1.01), but there was notable heterogeneity along with variable results according to sensitivity analysis. For the BAC-positive population, low BAC (1-100 mg/dl) carried a higher risk of mortality than moderate BAC (100-230 mg/dl) (OR=1.40, 95%CI=1.09-1.81), moderate and high BAC as a single category (>100 mg/dl) (OR=1.57, 95%CI=1.28-1.94) or high BAC (>230 mg/dl) (OR=1.76, 95%CI=1.76-2.30). However, moderate BAC did not increase the mortality risk when compared with high BAC (OR=1.20, 95%CI=0.89-1.63). Whether positive BAC at the time of admission after TBI reduces mortality rate compared with the rate under negative BAC remains unknown. In addition, low BAC (1-100 mg/dl) poses a risk of mortality compared with higher BAC. Further studies assessing the effect of alcohol between the BAC-positive group and the BAC-negative group are still needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Language: en


TBI; Alcohol; Mortality; Risk; meta-analysis


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