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Journal Article

Citation

Vieira AI, Machado BC, Machado PPP, Brandão I, Roma-Torres A, Gonçalves S. Eur. Eat. Disord. Rev. 2017; 25(6): 544-550.

Affiliation

Psychotherapy and Psychopathology Research Unit - CIPsi, School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2017, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1002/erv.2545

PMID

29057605

Abstract

Evidence suggests a common association between eating disorders (EDs) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). The present study aimed to investigate the potential risk factors for NSSI among ED patients. We assessed 245 ED patients with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview for ED. The results showed that 33% of ED patients reported NSSI in their lifetime. NSSI appeared to occur more frequently among binge eating/purging type ED patients than among patients with other ED and to be related to a more severe eating pathology. A younger age at the onset of eating problems, more negative self-evaluation, suicide attempts, substance abuse, parents' low weight, family tension at mealtime, parental alcohol problems, childhood abuse, peer aggression, and negative antecedent life events were more common among patients with co-occurring EDs and NSSI than among patients without NSSI. The results may inform the risk assessment and treatment of NSSI in EDs in the early detection period. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.

Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.


Language: en

Keywords

eating disorders; non-suicidal self-injury; risk factors

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