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Journal Article

Citation

Pauelsen M, Nyberg L, Röijezon U, Vikman I. Aging Clin. Exp. Res. 2018; 30(9): 1079-1085.

Affiliation

Division of Health and Rehabilitation, Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, Editrice Kurtis)

DOI

10.1007/s40520-017-0882-9

PMID

29264814

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fall-related concern strongly correlates to activity avoidance in older people. In this complex phenomenon, different terminology and instruments are often used interchangeably. Three main concepts make up fall-related concerns: fear of falling, consequence concern, and falls self-efficacy. It is suggested that fall-related concerns are mediated by psychological and physical factors. AIMS: Our aims were to describe the prevalence of fall-related concerns and find explanatory factors for its most studied concept-falls self-efficacy-in an older population.

METHODS: We executed a cross-sectional study on a random sample of 153 community-dwelling older people (70 years or older). We used validated and reliable instruments as well as structured interviews to gather data on the three concepts of fall-related concerns and possible mediating factors. We then calculated descriptive statistics on prevalence and regression models for the total group, and men and women, separately.

RESULTS: 70% of the total sample (80% of women and 53% of men) reported at least one of the three concepts of fall-related concern. For the total sample, fear of falling, morale, and physical performance were associated factors with falls self-efficacy. For women, the number of prescription medications was added. For men, physical performance and concerns for injury were associated.

CONCLUSION: Fall-related concern is prevalent in large proportions with higher prevalence for women than for men. Important factors are fear of falling, morale, and physical performance. Gender differences in the emergence and variance of fall-related concern and the relation between physical performance and fall-related concern should be targeted in future research endeavors.


Language: en

Keywords

Aged; Ambulation; Fall-related concerns; Morale; Self-efficacy

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