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Journal Article

Citation

Caetano R, Gruenewald P, Vaeth PAC, Canino G. Alcohol Clin. Exp. Res. 2018; 42(2): 378-386.

Affiliation

Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/acer.13572

PMID

29293264

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Our aim was to examine lifetime criteria profiles and correlates of severity (mild, moderate, severe) of DSM-5 alcohol use disorders (AUD) in Puerto Rico.

METHODS: Data are from a household random sample of individuals 18 to 64 years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The survey response rate was 83%. DSM-5 AUD was identified with the Spanish version of the World Health Organization's Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The analyses also identify correlates of each severity level using an ordered logistic regression model.

RESULTS: The prevalence of lifetime DSM-5 AUD among men and women was 38 and 16%, respectively. Mild lifetime DSM-5 AUD was the most prevalent severity level among both men (18%) and women (9%). The most common criteria, independent of gender and severity level, were drinking larger quantities and for longer than planned (men range: 80 to 97%; women range: 78 to 91%) and hazardous use (men range: 56 to 91%; women range: 42 to 74%).

RESULTS from ordered logistic regression showed that the adjusted odds ratio for weekly drinking frequency, greater volume of alcohol consumed per drinking occasion, positive attitudes about drinking, drinking norms, and male gender invariantly increased risks across all DSM-5 AUD severity levels (mild, moderate, severe). Greater negative attitudes about drinking, low family cohesion, and Protestant religion were related to greater risks at higher AUD severity levels.

CONCLUSIONS: AUD prevalence is high in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Prevalence rates for some criteria are equally high across severity levels and poorly differentiate between mild, moderate, or severe DSM-5 AUD. The sociodemographic and alcohol-related risks vary across DSM-5 severity levels.

Copyright © 2018 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.


Language: en

Keywords

Correlates; DSM-5 AUD; Prevalence; Puerto Rico; Severity

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