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Journal Article

Citation

Cho YH, Mohamed O, White B, Singh-Carlson S, Krishnan V. Aging Clin. Exp. Res. 2018; 30(9): 1101-1110.

Affiliation

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Human Services, California State University, Long Beach, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, Editrice Kurtis)

DOI

10.1007/s40520-018-0895-z

PMID

29372541

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Multicomponent intervention programs have been shown to be effective in reducing risk factors associated with falls, but the primary target population of these interventions is often low-functioning older adults. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention program focusing on balance and muscle strength for independently functioning community-dwelling older adults.

METHODS: Fifty-three independently functioning older adults, aged 80.09 ± 6.62 years, participated in a group exercise class (conducted 2 times/week for 8 weeks) emphasizing balance. Outcome measures were balance performance using the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) scale and muscle strength using the Senior Fitness Test (SFT).

RESULTS: The intervention improved balance (P < 0.001), and older adults who were classified as having high fall risks based on the FAB scores at pre-testing improved more than older adults who were classified as having low fall risks (P = 0.017). As a result, 22 participants transitioned from a high fall risk group at pre-testing to a low fall risk group at post-testing (P < 0.001). The intervention also enhanced both upper and lower muscle extremity strength based on SFT results (P < 0.001) regardless of participants' classification of fall risk status.

CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION: The multicomponent intervention conducted two times per week for 8 weeks was effective in improving balance and enhancing muscle strength of independently functioning older adults. The results underscore the importance of providing fall prevention interventions to healthy older adults, a population often not a target of balance interventions.


Language: en

Keywords

Balance; Balance intervention; Community-dwelling older adults; Strength

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