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Journal Article

Citation

Nsengiyumva JB, Luo G, Nahayo L, Huang X, Cai P. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018; 15(2): e15020243.

Affiliation

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. caipeng13@mails.ucas.ac.cn.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph15020243

PMID

29385096

Abstract

Landslides susceptibility assessment has to be conducted to identify prone areas and guide risk management. Landslides in Rwanda are very deadly disasters. The current research aimed to conduct landslide susceptibility assessment by applying Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation Model with eight layers of causal factors including: slope, distance to roads, lithology, precipitation, soil texture, soil depth, altitude and land cover. In total, 980 past landslide locations were mapped. The relationship between landslide factors and inventory map was calculated using the Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation. The results revealed that susceptibility is spatially distributed countrywide with 42.3% of the region classified from moderate to very high susceptibility, and this is inhabited by 49.3% of the total population. In addition, Provinces with high to very high susceptibility are West, North and South (40.4%, 22.8% and 21.5%, respectively). Subsequently, the Eastern Province becomes the peak under low susceptibility category (87.8%) with no very high susceptibility (0%). Based on these findings, the employed model produced accurate and reliable outcome in terms of susceptibility, since 49.5% of past landslides fell within the very high susceptibility category, which confirms the model's performance. The outcomes of this study will be useful for future initiatives related to landslide risk reduction and management.


Language: en

Keywords

GIS; Rwanda; Spatial Multi-Criteria; disaster; hazard; landslide; susceptibility

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