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Journal Article

Citation

Zhou M, Zhang G, Rozelle S, Kenny K, Xue H. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018; 15(2): e15020283.

Affiliation

Center for Experimental Economics in Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710127, China. xuehjjx@gmail.com.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph15020283

PMID

29414881

Abstract

Economic growth and socioeconomic changes have transformed nearly every aspect of childhood in China, and many are worried by the increasing prevalence of mental health issues among children, particularly depression. To provide insight into the distribution of depressive symptoms among children in China and identify vulnerable groups, we use data from the 2012 China Family Panel Survey (CFPS), a survey that collected data from a large, nationally representative sample of the Chinese population. Using the CFPS data, we construct a sample of 2679 children aged 10-15 years old from 25 provinces in China. According to our results, the incidence of depression varies by geographic area. Specifically, we find that rates of depressive symptoms are significantly lower in urban areas (14% of sample children) than in rural areas (23% of sample children). Our results also show that children from ethnic minorities, from poorer families, and whose parents are depressed are more likely to be depressed than other children. In contrast, we find that depressive symptoms do not vary by gender.


Language: en

Keywords

China; childhood depression; depressive symptoms; left-behind children; migrant children

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