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Journal Article


Hsu IL, Chang CM, Yang DC, Chang YH, Li CC, Hu SC, Li CY. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018; 15(2): e15020352.


Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan.


(Copyright © 2018, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)






Hip fracture commonly results in considerable consequences in terms of disability, mortality, long-term institutional care and cost. Taiwan launched its universal health insurance coverage in 1995, which largely removes financial barriers to health care. This study aims to investigate whether socioeconomic inequality in one-year mortality exists among Taiwanese elderly people. This population-based cohort study included 193,158 elderly patients (≥65 years) admitted for hip fracture between 2000 and 2012. With over a one-year follow-up, 10.52% of the participants died from all causes. The mortality rate was low in the northern part of Taiwan and in urban and high-family-income areas. Multiple Poisson regression models further suggested that the level of >Q1-Q3 and >Q3-Max showed significantly reduced odds ratio of one-year mortality at 0.90 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.87-0.93) and 0.77 (95% CI, 0.74-0.81), respectively, compared with that of the lowest family income level (i.e., Min.-Q1). Despite a monotonic decline in overall one-year mortality during the study period, socioeconomic inequality in one-year mortality rate remained evident. The annual percentage change in one-year mortality was higher (-2.86) in elderly people from families with high income (>Q3-Max.) than that for elderly patients from family with low income (Min.-Q1, -1.94). Accessibility, rather than affordability, to health care for hip fracture is probably responsible for the observed socioeconomic inequality.

Language: en


health inequality; hip fracture; mortality; socioeconomic status; urbanization


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