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Journal Article


Lee SB, Chung S, Lee H, Seo JS. Alcohol Alcohol. 2018; 53(5): 597-602.


Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, 82 Gukwondae-ro, Chungju, Republic of Korea.


(Copyright © 2018, Oxford University Press)






AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between depression and drinking among male adults from the general population.

METHODS: This study used a panel dataset from the Korean Welfare Panel (from 2011 to 2014). The subjects were 2511 male adults aged between 20 and 65 years. Based on the Korean Version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-K) scores, 2191 subjects were categorized as the control group (AUDIT-K < 12) and 320 subjects were categorized as the problem drinking group (AUDIT-K ≥ 12). An autoregressive cross-lagged modelling analysis was performed to investigate the mutual relationship between problem drinking and depression measured consecutively over time.

RESULTS: The results indicated that alcohol drinking and depression were stable over time. In the control group, there was no significant causal relationship between problem drinking and depression while in the problem drinking group, drinking in the previous year significantly influenced depression in the following second, third and fourth years.

CONCLUSION: This study compared normal versus problem drinkers and showed a 4-year mutual causal relationship between depression and drinking. No longitudinal interaction between drinking and depression occurred in normal drinkers, while drinking intensified depression over time in problem drinkers. SHORT SUMMARY: This study found that problem drinking was a risk factor for development of depression. Therefore, more attention should be given to problem alcohol use in the general population and evaluation of past alcohol use history in patients with depressive disorders.

Language: en


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