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Journal Article


Wang XW, Hu LM. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2006; 31(6): 952-959.


Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078,China.


(Copyright © 2006, Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao)






Objective: To discuss the cause of death for residents in Changde and guarantee the evidence for the health decision-making and control of diseases by the use of YPLL analysis and comprehensive evaluation on the dynamic cause of death of residents in Changde from 1973 to 2002. MethodsThe data is processed by the use of SPSS software package (version 11.0) and EXCEL software (version 2000) with the statistic methods of Cause Eliminated Life Table, Life Table, YPLL and etc. ResultsThe average population reached 5384519 and the average gender proportion of male and female is 1.12 to 1 in Changed during 1973~2002. Since 1973, total population has risen from 483 to 596 at average annual rate of 7.89% while the birthrate has decreased from 53.78% in 1973 to 8.39% in 2002. The composition of population in Changde experienced great shift in the past 30 years. The proportion of children (0~14) in 2002 declined by 16.15% compared with that in 1973 and the proportion of elder people has increased by 2.88% compared with that in 1973. The proportion of gender has ranged little by 1973~2002 although that of neonatal has ranged greatly. ConclusionThe total death number of Changde in 2002 reached 1103233 and the mortality rate has sustained decline since 1973. The top 5 causes of death were diseases of respiratory system, circular system, amnification & poisoning, contagion &schistosomiasis, tumor and etc in 2002 and shifted a lot compared with that in 1973. The average life expectancy of residents in Changde was 67.6 from 1973 to 2002. The average life expectancy of males and females increased 12.63 and 11.93 years in 2002 compared with those in 1972. In the past 30 years, the diseases of respiratory system has greatly influenced the life span of residents in Changde.

Language: zh


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