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Journal Article

Citation

Horváth LO, Balint M, Ferenczi-Dallos G, Farkas L, Gádoros J, Győri D, Keresztény A, Meszaros G, Szentiványi D, Velo S, Sarchiapone M, Carli V, Wasserman C, Hoven CW, Wasserman D, Balazs J. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018; 15(6): e15061068.

Affiliation

Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Hospital and Outpatient Clinic, 1021 Budapest, Hungary. balazs.judit@ppk.elte.hu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph15061068

PMID

29795028

Abstract

Although several studies have recently assessed direct self-injurious behavior (D-SIB) among adolescents, it is still understudied in adolescents attending vocational schools: an educational setting generally associated with lower socioeconomic status. After extending the "Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe" (SEYLE) project to a vocational school population, we examined their D-SIB and life event characteristics compared to the high school population. SEYLE's Hungarian randomly selected high school sample (N = 995) was completed with a randomly selected vocational school sample (N = 140) in Budapest, Hungary. Participants aged 14⁻17 years completed the SEYLE project's self-administered questionnaires. D-SIB lifetime prevalence was significantly higher (29.4%) in the vocational school group compared to the high school group (17.2%) (Χ²(1) = 12.231, p< 0.001). D-SIB was associated with suicidal ideation in the vocational school group. Different life events were more frequent in the high school than in the vocational school group, and associations between D-SIB and life events differed in the vocational school group compared to the high school group. In conclusion, vocational school students are a vulnerable population with a higher prevalence of D-SIB compared to high school students. Life events and their association with D-SIB also differ in vocational school students compared to high school students. Taking all these into account might contribute to prevention/intervention designed for this population.


Language: en

Keywords

D-SIB; SEYLE; adolescents; anxiety disorders; depression; direct self-injurious behavior; life events; self-harm; self-injury; suicidal behavior; suicide prevention

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