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Journal Article

Citation

Liu X, Jiang D, Chen X, Tan A, Hou Y, He M, Lu Y, Mao Z. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018; 15(6): e15061065.

Affiliation

Global Health Institute, Wuhan University, 115# Donghu Road, Wuhan 430071, China. zfmao@whu.edu.cn.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph15061065

PMID

29795013

Abstract

Chinese gay men are preferentially vulnerable to mental health problems because of deep-rooted, traditional social influence that overemphasizes heterosexual marriage, fertility, and filial piety. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from November to December 2017 using the Chinese version of the Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) to assess the status of, and factors associated with the mental health of Chinese gay men. Unadjusted associations between demographic factors and the total score of SCL-90-R were examined using t/F tests or person correlation analysis. The main factors that were most predictive of the aggregate score of SCL-90-R were identified by multiple linear regressions. A total of 367 gay men participated in this survey with an average score of SCL-90-R of 180.78 ± 79.58. The scores of seven dimensions (OCS, INTS, DEPR, ANX, HOS, PHOA, PARI) for Chinese gay men were found to be significantly higher than the national norm (all p < 0.001). Age (B = -1.088, SE = 0.478, p = 0.023), educational level (B = -14.053, SE = 5.270, p = 0.008), and degree of coming out publicly (B = -23.750, SE = 4.690, p < 0.001) were protective factors for participants' mental health status. A gay man who is the only child in his family was more likely to obtain a higher total score of SCL-90-R in China (B = 59.321, SE = 7.798, p < 0.001). Our study reveals the worrying mental health status of Chinese gay men. Shifts in familial, governmental, and societal normas are suggested to improve the current social acceptance towards sexual minority men, as well as to reduce detrimental health effects.


Language: en

Keywords

Chinese gay men; influencing factors; mental health status; symptom checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R)

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