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Journal Article

Citation

Roberts L, Tamene M, Orta OR. Ethn. Dis. 2018; 28(Suppl 1): 253-260.

Affiliation

Epidemiology Department, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, International Society on Hypertension in Blacks)

DOI

10.18865/ed.28.S1.253

PMID

30116095

PMCID

PMC6092165

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Driven by intersectionality, a central tenet of Critical Race Theory, this study examines the combined associations of racial and gender discrimination, which are interlocking, macro-level social forces, and teen dating violence (TDV).

DESIGN: Self-report surveys were administered via Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI) equipment. Logistic regression models were used to estimate associations between racial and gender discrimination and TDV. SETTING: Study participants were recruited during August 2003 to June 2004 from high school health classes and an after-school program located in South Bronx neighborhoods of New York City. PARTICIPANTS: Non-probability sample of 142 Black and Latino teens aged 13-19 years who reported experiences dating someone of a different sex. MAIN MEASURES: Experienced discrimination based on race and gender adapted from the Experiences of Discrimination (EOD) instrument, dating violence items from the Youth Dating Violence Survey.

RESULTS: Of the participants, 40.1% reported experiencing both racial and gender discrimination, and nearly all (93%) experienced dating violence. Participants reporting both racial and gender discrimination were 2.5 times more likely to report experiencing the highest frequency of dating violence, adjusted for age and sex (95% CI: 1.0-6.7). A dose-response of EOD observed in unadjusted models (P for trend =.024) was no longer statistically significant after adjustment for age and sex (P for trend =.073).

CONCLUSIONS: Strategies to prevent TDV in this population should not ignore the compounding negative effects of racial and gender discrimination.


Language: en

Keywords

Critical Race Theory; Intersectionality; Racism; Sexism; Teen Dating Violence

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