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Journal Article

Citation

Sitnik-Warchulska K, Izydorczyk B. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018; 15(10): e15102067.

Affiliation

Institute of Applied Psychology, Jagiellonian University, 30-348 Krakow, Poland. bernadetta.izydorczyk@uj.edu.pl.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, MDPI: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

DOI

10.3390/ijerph15102067

PMID

30241331

Abstract

An increase in extreme self-destructive and aggressive behaviors in adolescents has been observed in recent years. Therapeutic effectiveness seems to depend on an adequate recognition of factors that might increase the risk of extreme destructive behaviors. The aim of this study was to identify the family patterns that should draw therapeutic attention due to their importance for suicidal or violent behaviors in adolescent girls. The study involved 140 participants, aged 13⁻17, including 40 girls after suicide attempts, 40 girls using violence, and 60 girls without destructive behavior at all. The Genograms were used to assess the family structure, relationships between family members, and family projections. The data was analyzed by polynomial logistic regression, analysis of variance, and discriminant analysis. Emotional distance and hidden projections (related to diseases) were the most significant predictors of suicidal behaviors in the studied adolescent girls. Alcohol abuse by significant family members, especially by male family members, and a lesser role of hidden projections, were the most significant predictors of violent behaviors. Interventions designed to reduce risk of destructive behaviors among adolescents need to take account of the specific family patterns.


Language: en

Keywords

adolescents; family context; family pattern; genogram; intergenerational issues; suicidal behavior; violent behavior

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