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Journal Article

Citation

Ouden LPD, Smits AJ, Stadhouder A, Feller R, Deunk J, Bloemers FW. Spine 2018; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Department of Trauma surgery, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)

DOI

10.1097/BRS.0000000000002923

PMID

30395086

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective epidemiological study OBJECTIVE.: To describe the epidemiology of spinal fractures over a ten years period in a Level 1 Trauma center in the Netherlands. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal fractures may have large socioeconomic consequences. The prevalence and outcomes likely change over the years due to improved traffic safety, increasing population age and improved medical treatment. This is the first study to address the epidemiology of spinal fractures over a large time period in the Netherlands.

METHODS: All patients with a cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine fracture admitted to a level 1 trauma center from 2007 to 2016 were prospective registered and retrospectively analyzed. In addition to patient-, accident- and associated injury characteristics, radiological and surgery data were obtained from the hospital's Electronic Patient File system.

RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2016, 1479 patients with a total of 3029 spinal fractures were admitted. 40,8% were female and 59,2% were male, with a mean age of 52,0 years. 4,9% of fractures occurred at a juvenile age (0-18) and 63,6% at the age of 19-64 years. Most fractures occurred in the thoracic spine, followed by the lumbar- and cervical spine. The most common cause of injury was a fall from height, followed by traffic accidents. Spinal cord injury occurred in 8,5% and associated injuries were reported in 73% of the patients. Sixteen percent of the admitted patients were treated operatively. Over time, there was a larger increase in amount of spine fractures in elderly (>65 years) compared to younger people.

CONCLUSION: The total amount of spine fractures per year increased over time. Additionally, there was a larger increase in amount of spine fractures in patients over 65 years of age compared to younger patients. Despite this increase, a considerable amount of spine fractures still occur in the age-group 19-64 years. Most fractures were located in the thoracic spine. This study might stimulate development of policy on precautionary actions to prevent spine fractures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: level 4.


Language: en

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