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Journal Article


Patton KA, Connor JP, Sheffield J, Wood A, Gullo MJ. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 2019; 87(5): 407-421.


Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research.


(Copyright © 2019, American Psychological Association)






OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial is the 1st study to evaluate the additive efficacy of mindfulness meditation to brief school-based universal cognitive behavior therapy (CBT + MM) for adolescent alcohol consumption. Previous studies have lacked strong controls for nonspecific effects, and treatment mechanisms remain unclear. The present study compared a CBT + MM condition to an active control CBT intervention with progressive muscle relaxation (CBT + PMR) for nonspecific effects and an assessment-only control (AoC).

METHOD: Cluster sampling was used to recruit Australian adolescents (N = 404; 62% female) ages 13-17 years (M = 14.99, SD =.66) of mostly Australian-New Zealand or European descent. School classes were randomized to 3 intervention conditions (CBT + PMR = 8 classes, CBT + MM = 7 classes, AoC = 7 classes), and adolescents completed preintervention, postintervention, and 3- and 6-month follow-up assessments, including measures of alcohol consumption, mindfulness, impulsivity, and the alcohol-related cognitions of alcohol expectancies and drinking refusal self-efficacy.

RESULTS: Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that both intervention conditions reduced the growth of alcohol consumption compared to the AoC (b = -.18, p =.014), although CBT + MM was no more effective than was CBT + PMR (b = -.06, p =.484). Negative alcohol expectancies increased for adolescents in the intervention conditions compared to the AoC (b = 1.09, p =.012), as did positive alcohol expectancies (b = 1.30, p =.008). There was no effect of interventions on mindfulness, drinking refusal self-efficacy, or impulsivity.

CONCLUSIONS: There was no evidence of mindfulness-specific effects beyond existing effects of CBT within a brief universal school-based CBT intervention. Hypothesized mechanisms of change were largely unsupported. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

Language: en


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