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Journal Article

Citation

Kaewboonchoo O, Sung FC, Lin CL, Hsu HC, Kuo CT. Osteoporos. Int. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Department of Public Health, China Medical University College of Public Health, 91 Hseuh Shis Road, Taichung, 404, Taiwan. ctkuo@mail.cmu.edu.tw.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Holtzbrinck Springer Nature Publishing Group)

DOI

10.1007/s00198-018-04818-2

PMID

30734067

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a well-known bone disorder affecting people worldwide. Patients with osteoporosis have an increased risk of bone fracture. This study provides new information on the risk of developing osteoporosis post burn injury and the risk of fracture among those with osteoporosis developed.

INTRODUCTION: The relationship between burn injury and hip fracture risk is unclear. Population-based evaluation on relationships between burn injury and osteoporosis development and subsequent fractures is limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study as the investigation.

METHODS: From the insurance data of Taiwan, we established a cohort of 43,532 patients with a burn injury in 2000-2012 and a comparison cohort of 174,124 individuals without such an injury, frequency matched by sex, age, and diagnosis date. Both cohorts were followed up to the end of 2013 to evaluate the occurrence of osteoporosis and hip fracture.

RESULTS: The incidence of osteoporosis was greater in the burn cohort than in the comparison cohort (6.40 vs. 4.75 per 1,000 person-years) with an adjusted IRR of 1.35 (95% confidence interval = 1.32-1.39). The incidence rates in both cohorts were greater in women than in men, increased with age, income, and Charlson comorbidity index. Patients with burns involving 20%-49% of total body surface area and with burns confined to the lower/upper limbs had the greatest incidence rates, 8.32 and 8.58 per 1,000 person-years, respectively. Osteoporosis incidence increased further to 22.7 per 1,000 person-years for burn victims with comorbid diabetes. The risk of fracture was over five-fold greater for burn victims with osteoporosis developed than for comparisons without osteoporosis.

CONCLUSION: Patients who have a burn injury deserve prevention intervention to reduce the risk of osteoporosis and fracture.


Language: en

Keywords

Burn injury; Diabetes; Insurance claims data; Osteoporosis; Retrospective cohort study

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